Turn-overs in Contact Situations in Rugby Football: The Effectiveness as Attacking Point and the Mechanism of Occurrence

Akira Nakagawa and Kohei Hirose

[Received September 28, 2005 ; Accepted November 7, 2005] 

The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness as attacking point and the occurrence mechanism of turn-over in contact situations in rugby football. Fifteen top-ranking, high level international matches were analyzed. After analysis one result found that performance in attack without kicking from turn-over in contact situations was significantly higher than from two either scrums or line-outs, in terms of scoring and advances in the field area. Performance in attack with kicking from the turn-over situation was significantly higher than that from line-outs in terms of the continuity in possession. These findings suggest that turn-over in contact situations is advantageous as attacking point. Results also found that turn-over in contact situations could be classified into five categories; tackle turn-over, tap turn-over, "jackal" turn-over, ruck turn-over, and maul turn-over based on an analysis of play which produces turn-overs. Furthermore, different sequences of occurrence were identified after analyzing the turn-over process in detail and were sub-classified in each turn-over category. Based on the findings of this research it is suggested that further study into techniques and tactics of turn-over play should be undertaken.

Keywords: rugby football, turn-over, contact situation, occurrence mechanism, attacking point

[Football Science Vol.2, 8-19, 2005]